(aka Ramesses II, Ramses the Great) Third King of the 19th Dynasty. One of Egypt's most prolific rulers; He ruled for 67 years, lived to be over 90 years old, had many wives and somewhere between 100 and 200 children. He was the son of Seti I and Tuyu. He was a great builder and a famed warrior. He built many temples and monuments in Karnak, Luxor and Nubia. His Chief queen was Nefertari. He had a beautiful temple constructed for her in Nubia. Ramses, like his father Seti I, had red hair and therefore was associated with the god Set. Set had been scorned by most Egyptians throughout their history. However, Ramses II was quite proud to be a man of Set and made a point to uplift his name. War and expanding borders were a big part of Ramses' rule and Set was the perfect god to have on his side. The Battle of Qadesh was Ramses' most famous fight. It began during the 5th year of his reign. Ramses and four army divisions, the Amun, Ra, Ptah and Set units, moved north towards their enemy. While on the way, they captured two men who claimed to be on the Pharaoh's side. They told the Egyptians that the Hittite forces were still far north, but they were lying. Shortly after, two Hittites were captured and under duress confessed that their forces were actually much closer and planning a surprise attack. When the enemy appeared, Ramses boarded his chariot and fought the Hittites. According to some accounts, the two divisions that were there with Ramses fled, leaving Pharaoh to fight alone. War continued between these two nations for another 15 years until a peace treaty was signed. The treaty was written by the Hittite king, Hattusilis III, in the Akkadian language on a silver tablet. The promise of peace was further encouraged when Ramses married Hattusilis' daughter Manefrure. Mummy of Ramses II The mummy of Ramses was originally buried in tomb 7 in The Valley of the Kings. A few dynasties later, he was moved to his father's tomb. He was moved again in antiquity, along with many other mummies, to Deir el-Bahri where he was discovered in 1871. Ramses now rests in Cairo at the Egyptian Museum.
External Links pertaining to Ramses II Ramses II The Ramsesseum, Thebes ©2006 Fruit of the Nile. All Rights Reserved.